Speakers 2024

Keynote Speaker Ⅰ

Professor Osman ADIGUZEL

Firat University, Elazig, Turkey

Speech Title: Crystallographic Transformations and Temperature Deformation Relations in Memory Behavior of Shape Memory Alloys

Abstract: Shape memory effect is a temperature dependent phenomenon exhibited by certain alloy systems called shape memory alloys. These alloys take place in the class of advanced smart materials, with response to the variation of temperature and external conditions. Shape memory effect is initiated with thermomechanical processes on cooling and deformation and performed thermally on heating and cooling, with which shape of the material cycles between original and deformed shapes in reversible way. Therefore, this behavior is called thermoelasticity. Strain energy is stored in the material and releases on heating by recovering the original shape. Thermoelasticity is governed by crystallographic transformations, thermal and stress induced martensitic transformations. Thermal induced martensitic  transformation occurs on cooling with cooperative movement of atoms in Copper based alloys exhibit this property in metastable β-phase region. Lattice invariant shear and twinning is not uniform in these alloys and cause to the formation of complex layered structures, depending on the stacking sequences on the close-packed planes of the ordered lattice.

In the present contribution; x-ray and electron diffraction studies were carried out on two solution treated copper based CuZnAl and CuAlMn alloys. Electron and x-ray diffraction exhibit super lattice reflections. Specimens of these alloys were aged at room temperature, and a series of x-ray diffractions were taken at different stages of aging in a long-term interval. X-Ray diffraction profiles taken from the aged specimens in martensitic conditions reveal that crystal structures of alloys chance in diffusive manner, and this result refers to the stabilization.

Key words: Shape memory effect, martensitic transformation, thermoelasticity, superelasticity, twinning and detwinning

Bio: Dr. Adiguzel graduated from Department of Physics, Ankara University, Turkey in 1974 and received PhD- degree from Dicle University, Diyarbakir-Turkey. He has studied at Surrey University, Guildford, UK, as a post- doctoral research scientist in 1986-1987, and studied were focused on shape memory effect in shape memory alloys. His academic life started following graduation by attending an assistant to Dicle University in January 1975. He became professor in 1996 at Firat University in Turkey, and retired on November 28, 2019, due to the age limit of 67, following academic life of 45 years.  He supervised 5 PhD- theses and 3 M. Sc- theses and published over 80 papers in international and national journals; He joined over 120 conferences and symposia in international level with contribution. He served the program chair or conference chair/co-chair in some of these activities. Also, he joined in last six years (2014 - 2019) over 60 conferences as Keynote Speaker and Conference Co-Chair organized by different companies. Additionally, he joined over 180 online conferences in the same way in pandemic period of 2020-2023.   

Dr. Adiguzel served his directorate of Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Firat University, in 1999-2004. He received a certificate awarded to him and his experimental group in recognition of significant contribution of 2 patterns to the Powder Diffraction File – Release 2000. The ICDD (International Centre for Diffraction Data) also appreciates cooperation of his group and interest in Powder Diffraction File.